Great migration in Serengeti

great migration

The Serengeti National Park is a Tanzanian national park in the Serengeti ecosystem in the Mara and Simiyu regions. It is famous and well known for its annual migration of over 1.5 million white-bearded (or brindled) wildebeest and 250,000 zebra, and numerous Nile crocodiles and honey badgers.


The word “Serengeti” derives from the Maasai word “Siringiti,” meaning “endless plains”. Most people think of safari and the Serengeti, they envision scenes of the Great Migration, with an image of hundreds of thousands of wildebeest stampeding through the croc-infested waters of the Mara River. Indeed, the annual migration of millions of animals, predominately.
It is the grandest spectacle of wildlife in Africa. However, they envision the accurate Great Migration, a column of wildebeest 24 miles( 40km) long, shuffling across the plains two or three abreast, all to the move searching for fresh, green grass. Now imagine that it takes more than two weeks for that column of animals to cross a single spot. Image them bunched together in protective her, giving birth, or scrambling in a panic to escape the jaws of a snapping crocodile. Also, lions and hyenas prow the scene looking for the weakest animal or the lone straggler separated from its herd. Only now have you visualized the magnificent phenomenon of the Great Serengeti Migration.

What is great Migration:

Over 2 million migrating animals participate in this annual journey: 1.5 million wildebeest, 400,000 zebra, and 300,000 Gazelles accompanied by various goals: to find fresh, green grass. Consequently, the Great Migration took place year-round. Prey and predator follow a relatively predictable but variable annual cycle dependent on rainfall and abundant green grass.

Wildebeest route:

The following is a general guide to the route and timing of the annual migration. However, it’s the timing. It is subject to rainfall patterns and cannot be forecast. There are no fences in the Serengeti ecosystem- the herds follow ancient survival instincts that are no match for predictability. The annual cycle begins in the southern. Half a million calves are born between January and March.

However, when the rains end and the land dries, the migration herds start to move clockwise towards the Maasai Mara region via the western Corrido and Grummet Rivers. When the short rains arrive, the herds move into the northernmost sections of the Serengeti near the Mara River and Lami wedge.
Around 1500 wildebeest traveled to the Mara River. And forth between its northern and southern shores. Late October into November, the herds move south for short grass plains. That is near the southern plains of the Serengeti and Ndutu. Late November is time for the breeding season.

Great migration, the best time to visit:

June – September high densities year-round, although its peak moment is during a dry season. This time is also when the great migration passes through the area and crosses the Grumeti River.

Also, great migration passes through the area and crosses the Grumeti River (in June or July). This spectacle could not be higher on any safari bucket list. And for a good reason!

Late January to February is the wildebeest calving season, which provides excitement as lions and cheetahs descend on fragile and naive newborns. Although action-packed, these scenes are not for the faint of heart.

March and April is a wet season and causes the usually crowded Serengeti to empty. This time of year is the return of migratory bird species – a big drawcard for all the twitchers.


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