Tanganyika Africa National Union (TANU), headed by Julius Nyerere, now the former president of Tanzania. Support for TANU grew, and by 1960, the first elections were planned for Tanganyika. On 9 December 1961, Tanganyika became an independent republic and became known from then on as Tanzania. In 1962, it became a one party state under Julius Nyerere, following Nyerere’s ideologically-driven policy of socialism. The effects of this can still be seen in present-day Tanzania. However, efforts have recently been made to stimulate the economy and are still done. 9 December has become known as Tanzania Day and is celebrated annually.
Tanzania is remarkable for the extraordinary variety of its topography, giving it one of the greatest ranges of biodiversity in Africa such as Serengeti, Ngorongoro, Kilimanjaro, and Selous are among its seven World Heritage Sites.
Next to that, Tanzania has active volcanic mountains including African’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro (5,895 m). Over the past 20 million years the Ngorongoro Crater has been formed as the eightest wonder of the world, not only as the world’s largest compete for caldera, the relict of a volcanic mountain that may once have been higher than Kilimanjaro but as a nature area. Measuring 16km (10 miles) in a diametre, the enormous large host is a concentration of 30,000 or more large mammals.
Tanzania has also mining, where minerals as Tanzanite, gold, diamonds, graphite, tin, and copper are to be found. Tanzanite can only be found at a mine in Mererani, 40 km (25 miles) from Arusha.
Mining areas are found around Shinyanga and Mwanza. In Mwanza recently has been discovered gold. Mwadui has the largest pipe diamond mine in Africa. Alexandrite is mined in Tunduru, rubies in Morogoro. Also, Tanga has rubies and next to that emeralds and rhodolite.
Come to Tanzania because it is a safe and welcoming place to visit. With its reputation as a peaceful and stable country, you will experience first-handed the friendly and generous spirit of the Tanzanian people. Next to that, Tanzania has a rich and diverse culture that includes over 120 tribes, most with their own language and customs. This is a country where manners are valued. How people greet is friendly and engaging and optimism is infectious. Make the effort to learn a few words of Swahili and to understand their ways and Tanzanians will welcome you with warmth and affection.
Last but not least, you can customize your safari experience in many ways so it doesn’t overrun your budget. You can choose your style of accommodation according to what you would like to spend. Everything from basic tent camping to overnight accommodation in a luxurious, 5-star lodge and everything in between.
From the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro to the shores of the Indian Ocean. From the endless plains of the Serengeti to the depths of the floor of the Ngorongoro Crater. Tanzania provides the backdrop of a picturesque and breathtaking landscape.
The Tanzanian people are warm, generous, and peaceful. Indeed, many visitors to Tanzania have proclaimed that they came for wildlife but fell in love with her people.
“Tanzania has some of the best wildlife viewing in all of Africa.”
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