Waterfalls are commonly formed in the upper course of a river in steep mountains. Because of their landscape position, many waterfalls occur over bedrock fed by little contributing area, so may be ephemeral and flow only during rainstorms or significant snowmelt. The further downstream, the more perennial a waterfall can be. Waterfalls can have a wide range of widths and depths, and this diversity is part of what makes them such a charismatic and interesting natural phenomenon. Research into the diversity of natural waterfalls systematics has been carried out in recent years. Source: Wikipedia
Udzugwa Mountains National Park is a national park in Tanzania with 1,990 km2 (770 miles). The habitats contained within the national park include tropical rainforest, mountain forest, miombo woodland, grassland, and steppe. A vertical height range of 250-2,576 meters ( the peak of Lohomero), which incorporates the Udzugwa Mountain part of the Eastern Arc Mountain. There are more than 400 birds species, 2500 plant species (25% of which are endemics), and six primate species. It has the second largest biodiversity of a national park in Africa.
Tourism in the Udzungwa Mountains National Park revolves around hiking and trekking, as the park has no roads and is accessible only on foot. The hiking trails range in difficulty from the short one-hour Sonjo trek to the highly challenging 6-day camping trek on the Lumemo Trail. The most common walk is the Sanje Waterfalls trail which takes approximately four hours to complete and allows the visitor access to the stunning 170 m waterfall and includes swimming in the waterfall plunge pools as part of the activity.
With an area of 1,990 km2, the park is also an important water catchment for major rivers namely the Great Ruaha and Kilombero. The series of waterfalls along its river and dense tropical forest give the park its Serena experience.
Best time to visit:
June to October
Game drives and waterfall hikes.
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