Tanganyika Africa National Union (TANU), headed by Julius Nyerere, now the former president of Tanzania. Support for TANU grew, and by 1960, the first elections were planned for Tanganyika. On 9 December 1961, Tanganyika became an independent republic and became known from then on as Tanzania. In 1962, it became a one party state under Julius Nyerere, following Nyerere’s ideologically-driven policy of socialism. The effects of this can still be seen in present-day Tanzania, however, efforts have recently been made to stimulate the economy. 9 December has become known as Tanzania Day and is celebrated annually.
Tanzania is remarkable for the extraordinary variety of its topography, giving it one of the greatest ranges of biodiversity in Africa such us Serengeti, Ngorongoro, Kilimanjaro and Selous are among its seven World Heritage Sites.
More than that, active volcanic mountain including African’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro (5, 895 m) ,over the past 20 millions years. Ngorongoro Creater has been dubbled the eight wonder of the world, not only as the world’s largest compete caldera, the relict of a volcanic mountain that may once have been higher than Kilimanjaro, but as a natural area, 16km (10 miles) in a diametre, the hosts a straggering concentration of 30,000 or more large mammals.
Tanzania have also mining such us Tanzanite, gold, diamonds, graphite, tin and copper. The world’s only Tanzanite mine is at Mererani, 40 km (25 miles) from Arusha. Mining ares are found around Shinyanga, and gold has recently been discovered in Mwanza. Mwadui has the largest pipe diamond mine in Africa. Alexandrite is mined in Tunduru, rubies in Morogoro and emaralds, rubies and rhodolite in Tanga.
Mostly though, you should come to Tanzania because it is a safe and welcoming place to visit. With its reputation as a peaceful and stable country, you will experience first-hand the friendly and generous spirit of the Tanzanian people. Tanzania’s rich, diverse culture includes over 120 tribes, most with their own language and all with their own customs. This is a country where manners are valued, greetings are friendly and engaging, and optimism is infectious. Make the effort to learn a few words of Kiswahili and to understand their ways, and Tanzanians will welcome you with warmth and affection.
Lastly, you can customize your safari experience to satisfy your budget. You can choose your style of accommodation, everything from basic tent camping to overnight accommodation in a luxurious, 5-star lodge or tented camp, and everything in between.
From the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro to the shores of the Indian Ocean, from the endless plains of the Serengeti to the depths of the floor of Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania provides the backdrop of a scenic and breathtaking landscape.
The Tanzanian people are warm, generous, and peaceful. Indeed, many a visitor to Tanzania has proclaimed that they came for the wildlife but fell in love with her people.
“Tanzania has some of the best wildlife viewing in all of Africa.”
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