Ngorongoro crater-tanzania

The Ngorongoro crater Tanzania is known as the eighth wonder of the world!

Ngorongoro Crater Tanzania has all the big five. The big five animals —lion, leopard, elephant, black rhinoceros, and African buffalo—are indeed enormous. In Ngorongoro crater, National Park is possible to see all the big five.

The crater’s name has an origin; the Maasai pastoralists named it after the sound produced by the cowbell (ngoro ngoro). Benomatopoeicased on fossil evidence found at the Olduvai George. Various hominid species have occupied the area for 3 million years.

Ngorongoro crater Tanzania

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA), measuring 8,300 square kilometres, is the only place on earth where humankind and wild animals co-exist in harmony. Above all, the Ngorongoro crater sinks to a depth of 610 meters, with a base area covering 260 square kilometres. Thereby, the height of the original volcano must have ranged between 4,500 to 5,800 meters high.

Volcano in Ngorongoro Crater

Furthermore, from the central caldera, Ngorongoro Crater has two volcanic. Olmoti and Empakai are famous for their stunning waterfalls, the latter holding a deep lake and kuso green walls.

Again, down in the creator, there are so many scenes of unimaginable abundance. For instance, wildebeest, zebra buffalo, and Grant’s gazelle are presenting in great numbers. But, there are also land warthog, hartebeest, bushbuck, waterbuck, and Bohr’s reedbuck.

The “Big Five”

Thus, you may have heard of the Big Five! A term big-game hunter came up with for the five most difficult African species to track and hunt on foot. The big five are lion, leopard, elephant, black rhinoceros, and African buffalo. But not due to their size, specifical because of the danger and difficulty of taking them down. Above all big five are available in Ngorongoro crater in Tanzania.

Ngorongoro crater, Black rhino

Black Rhino Ngorongoro Crater TanzaniaFirst, the eastern black rhino is distinguishable from the southern subspecies. Specifically, it has a longer, leaner, and more curved horn. Its skin is also very grooved. Diceros bicornis( black rhino) is reportedly more aggressive than the other three subspecies of black rhino. They are browsers and are usually in highland forests and savanna habitats.

How a black rhino looks like:

In detail, the black rhino has two horns. They can grow continually from the skin at their base (similar to our fingernails) throughout life. However, Rhinos from different areas can have horns of different shapes and sizes. Namely, the shape of the horn differs between sexes, with males tending to have thicker horns and females often having longer and thinner ones. Not only-but also, males can grow to 10 feet (3 m) long and 5’4” (1.6m tall) and weigh almost 3,000 pounds (1,400 kg). Besides, females are smaller and lighter. Although despite their size and short legs, they are highly manoeuvrable and can reach top speeds of 55 km per hour.

However, they are browsers, so est from higher bushes or trees, although the rhinos you will see in Ngorongoro Creator graze the grasses more often than bushes, due to the lack of suitable browsing in the Creator. Black rhinos feed at night and during the hours of dawn and dusk. Under the hot African sun, they take bath cover by lying in the shade. Moreover, Rhinos often find a suitable watering hole and roll in its mud, coating their skin with a natural insect repellent and sunblock. The black rhino are also in Serengeti national park.

Ngorongoro crater, Lion

Lion Ngorongoro craterAnd Secondly, the lion (Panthera leo) is one of the four big cats in the genus Panthera and a member of the family Felidae. Besides, with some males exceeding 250 kg (550 lb) in weight, it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger.

In additional, the lion is the tallest (at the shoulder) of all living cats, averaging about 14 cm (5.5 in) more elevated than the tiger. Behind only the tiger, the lion is the second-largest living felid in length and weight. Most of the hunting is a responsibility of a female.

Ngorongoro Crater, Elephant

Thirdly, the lion may be known as the king of the beasts, but the elephant is the world’s largest and heaviest land animal. In facts Its ears alone measure up to 6 feet x 3 feet (2m x 1.2m) and can weigh up to 44 pounds (20kg) each. An adult male can weigh as much as 13,200 pounds, be 25 feet (7.5 m) long with an outstretched trunk, and stand 11 feet (3.3 m) tall. Their impressive tusks weigh as much as 130 pounds (60 kg) apiece. However, do not equate their size for slowness: elephants can reach speeds up to 25 miles per hour (40 km/h)—faster than you can run!Elephant

Of all its specialized features, the muscular trunk is the most remarkable:

It serves as a nose hand extra foot signalling device  a tool for gathering food, siphoning, dusting, digging, and a variety of other functions. The long trunk permits the elephant to reach as high as 23 feet, but it can also perform movements as delicate as picking berries or caressing a companion. It is capable, too, of powerful twisting movements used for tearing down trees or fighting. The trunk of the African elephant has two finger-like structures at its tip.

Ngorongoro crater, Leopard

Leopard Ngorongoro crater TanzaniaMoreover, leopards inhabited a wide range of habitats within Africa, from mountainous forests to grasslands and savannahs. Exclude only extremely sandy deserts. They are most at risk in semi-desert areas, where scarce resources often conflict with nomadic farmers and their livestock in Ngorongoro Crater Tanzania.

However, cheetahs are sleek and slender compared to leopards. In other words, the leopard is the thickest cat with short, powerful legs, a thin neck, and a long tail. The coat is a yellow-tan colour, with black/brown spots, which are grouped into rosettes. While tail is long and covered with scars from the root to the centre of the tail, terminating in a series of black rings. However ears are round and small, with black backs and a prominent white spot in the centre. The leopard is the smallest of the big cats.

Female leopards

Female leopards can give birth at any time of the year. Following a gestation of 90–100 days, they usually give birth to one to three greyish-coloured cubs with barely visible spots. The mother abandons her nomadic lifestyle until the cubs are large enough to accompany her. She kept them hidden for the first eight weeks and moved them from one location to the next until they were old enough to learn to hunt. They get their first taste of meat at six to seven weeks of age and stop nursing at about three months. Cubs live with their mothers for almost two years; otherwise, leopards are solitary animals. Siblings may remain together for several months before separating.

Ngorongoro crater, African (Cape) Buffalo

Buffalo Ngorongoro craterFinally, One of Africa’s most dangerous animals, adult Cape Buffalo, stand only 51–59 inches (130–150 cm) tall, with relatively short legs, but can weigh as much as 936–1,918 pounds (425–870 kg).

The coat is thin and black, except in young calves, whose coats may be black or brown. They have a broad shield (only fully developed at seven years) covering the forehead. Horn shape and size are dependent on age. However, both sexes of the African buffalo bear massive horns.
In short, the horns are hook-shaped and curve downward from their origin in the skull before curling upward and inward. The long tail ends with a tassel of longer hairs. Apart from the horns, the most distinguishing feature is the head. A section of large, floppy ears fringed with long hair on the edges.

Different between African Buffalo and Asian Buffalo:

The African buffalo in is not an ancestor of domestic cattle and is only distantly related to other larger bovines. Because of his unpredictable nature, you are very dangerous to humans. Most importantly, the African buffalo is not domesticated. Unlike its Asian counterpart, the water buffalo. Besides humans, African Cape buffalo have few hunters, behave lions and giant crocodiles. Above all, they can defend themselves.
In fact, as a member of the big five games, the Cape buffalo is a sought-after trophy in hunting.

Generally speaking, Buffalo is often grazing at night and drinks in the early morning. However, late afternoon, spending the day resting.

In additional, its’ possible to combine Ngorongoro crater Safari in Tanzania and Zanzibar beach holiday.
Look here for an example itinerary;

14 days Tanzania & Zanzibar

7 days -Tanzania wildebeest Migration -Western Corrido

It’s possible visit Ngorongoro Crater Tanzania and other National parks or beach holiday in Zanzibar.

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